them. A system of echelon based medical support to fighting formations along with a staged casualty evacuation chain from the forward areas to definitive care centres in the rear forms the basis of combat medical support. All the peacetime AFMS establishments have inbuilt flexibility to switch to a wartime role.
ARIAN ASSIST ANCE HUMANIT RELIEF AND
The AFMS is at the forefront of Disaster relief operations both in India and abroad. Examples of recent relief operations include Op Meghrahat in Srinagar (Flood Relief) and Op Maitri in Nepal (Earthquake Relief). I NTERNATIONAL COOPERATION The AFMS provides medical treatment to Armed Forces personnel and families from friendly foreign countries. The AFMS also runs hospitals and medical missions in some of these countries and extends training facilities to medical and paramedical personnel from a number of foreign countries at different AFMS institutions. The AFMS also contributes to international peace keeping operations and over 500 AFMS personnel are deployed for providing medical cover to United Nations peacekeeping missions. R EHABILITATION The AFMS provides speciality based rehabilitation to soldiers disabled by war injuries or accidents. A significant effort is put in for rehabilitation of individuals with loss of limb. Centres such as the Artificial Limb Centre at Pune have been equipped with modern facilities for provision of prosthesis for such cases. In addition AFMS hospitals possess state-ofthe-art facilities that include cochlear implants, corneal transplants, joint replacement surgeries, cardio-thoracic and vascular surgery, organ retrieval and transplantation programmes. TRAINING The AFMS has quality training establishments where both professional and military training is imparted to its personnel. Medical Officers undergo professional training at the Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) at Pune while military training is imparted to them at the Officer Training College (OTC) at Lucknow. In addition, Service specific institutes such as the Institute of Aerospace Medicine (IAM) Bengaluru and the Institute of Naval Medicine (INM), Mumbai conduct courses on aerospace and marine medicine respectively.
International Review of the Armed Forces Medical Services
Revue Internationale des Services de Santé des Forces Armées